Toronto Metropolitan University
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"Sustainable but just on the edge" : assessing the sustainability of the commercial whale-watching industry in the Lower Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Canada

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posted on 2021-06-08, 11:04 authored by Eli G Bamfo

The principal contention of this study is that within the sustainability paradigm, there are factors which can be characterized as agents of strength (factors with a reinforcing effect on sustainability) or vulnerability (factors that inhibit sustainability or are indicators of a non-sustainable system). This paper aimed to ascertain the agents of strength and vulnerability within the commercial whale-watching industry in the lower Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick.

A research framework was developed based on the literature on the whale-watchng and wildlife-based tourism. The framework was used to assess the management, environmental and economic sustainability dimensions of the whale-watching industry in the aforementioned region based on data gathered from personal interviews with tour operators and self-administered questionnaires from the whale-watching customers.

Several factors were found to be positively reinforcing the industry, including: the consistency of the whale encounters and the high level of customer satisfaction. On the other hand, a number of variables were also identified as potential areas of vulnerability, such as: the present downturn in tourist visitation to the region and the need for an improved, consolidated marketing program.





  • Master of Applied Science


  • Environmental Applied Science and Management

Granting Institution

Ryerson University

LAC Thesis Type

  • Thesis

Thesis Advisor

Michal Bardecki