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Working the second shift, settling in Canada and other struggles; narratives of working African-immigrant mothers in Toronto.

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posted on 2021-05-23, 11:54 authored by Muno Mohamed Osman
This research study explores the experiences of working African immigrant mothers in accessing formal childcare services in Toronto. I start the study with an over view of the literature on the topics of access to childcare service and women’s labour force participation. I then review social reproduction and black feminist theories; the theoretical framework for my research. I also highlight the current state of childcare in Canada and how this affects African immigrant mothers who work. The study includes qualitative in-depth interviews with four such mothers who talk about their challenges and experiences in balancing work and family responsibilities in Toronto. The study found that the mothers are dissatisfied with several aspects of the childcare services they use or have used in the past. The mothers also face many struggles owing to patriarchal gender norms in their households and loss of extended family supports after immigration.



Master of Social Work


Social Work

Granting Institution

Ryerson University

LAC Thesis Type