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The role of patient perspectives in forensic mental health: a study of progress in recovery and protective factors of risk for violence

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posted on 2023-09-25, 20:13 authored by Meena Rangan

The assessment of violence risk and progress in recovery are prominent concerns in forensic psychiatry, with protective factors being recently incorporated in understanding the risk and recovery paradigm. However, there are still very few assessment tools that incorporate the patient perspective in forensic psychiatry. The following thesis explored patient self-assessments of protection and progress in recovery and assessed the degree of concordance with clinician and research-rated estimates of these constructs in a sample of 37 patients deemed Not Criminally Responsible for their crimes on account of mental disorder (NCRMD). Patient file reviews, patient-rated scales, clinician-rated scales and patient interviews were used to rate protective factors and risk factors for violence risk, and progress in recovery. Linear regression models revealed that work and education experience, criminal history and psychiatric history were not predictive of patient-clinician and patient-researcher concordance of protective factors for violence risk (SAPROF) and progress in recovery (DUNDRUM-3 and DUNDRUM-4). Criminal history alone was predictive of risk scores (HCR-20) and protection scores (SAPROF). Binary logistic regressions indicated that the aforementioned concordance was not significant in predicting whether a patient was assigned to a medium secure or general secure unit. A hierarchical binary logistic regression showed that protection scores did not provide additive validity to risk scores in predicting the level of security of patients. Implications and limitations are discussed. This study increases the understanding of protective factors for violence risk and progress in recovery, with an emphasis on patient perceptions and their concordance with the clinicians’ and researchers’ perceptions.

History

Language

English

Degree

  • Master of Arts

Program

  • Psychology

Granting Institution

Ryerson University

LAC Thesis Type

  • Thesis

Thesis Advisor

Dr. David Day

Year

2021

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    Psychology (Theses)

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