Toronto Metropolitan University
Alhomodi, Ebraheem.pdf (4.66 MB)

Potential Use of LiDAR Data for Crack Detection: A Case Study on Pavement Cracks

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posted on 2023-06-19, 18:17 authored by Ebraheem Alhomodi

LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) is a technology that provides three-dimensional point cloud data with high spatial accuracy. It is increasingly used in various applications and disciplines, including engineering. Along with other capabilities, LiDAR systems are able to record reflected backscattered energy as intensity data and measured distances to targets as range data. As the laser signal wavelength that operates in LiDAR sensors is typically in the near-infrared (NIR) spectrum, high spectral reflectance separability can be observed and a number of different materials distinguished. These capabilities have motivated researchers to study the applicability of using LiDAR range and intensity data for pavement crack extraction.

The main goal of the present research is to examine the potential use of LiDAR range and intensity data for automated pavement crack detection. The study explores the following: a) crack detection using the two image classification logics of pixel-based and object-based image classification; b) crack detection using the Maximum Likelihood Classifier (MLC), the Random Trees Classifier (RTC), and the Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier; c) crack detection by conducting image classification of four scenarios of multi-layer images generated from LiDAR data; and d) crack detection using LiDAR data with different point spacing.

The experimental results indicate that the use of LiDAR data independently is effective for pavement crack detection. In addition, the results show that object-based image classification logic optimizes classification accuracy and crack detection results, and that employing SVM enhances the classification process and improves crack detection accuracy. It is also observed that using range data separately produces high accuracy for the crack detection results while the accuracy is slightly reduced when intensity data are combined with range data compared with using range data only. Furthermore, in the classification process, adding slope and aspect layers to range and intensity data decreases the accuracy of crack detection results, while increasing LiDAR data point spacing reduces crack extraction accuracy.





  • Master of Applied Science


  • Civil Engineering

Granting Institution

Ryerson University

LAC Thesis Type

  • Thesis

Thesis Advisor

Dr. Ahmed Shaker & Dr. Ahmed El-Rabbany



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    Civil Engineering (Theses)


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