Toronto Metropolitan University
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Filial Piety Discrepancy and Well-Being among Older Chinese Canadian Immigrants

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posted on 2023-09-25, 20:13 authored by Vivian Huang

Filial piety discrepancy has been identified as an important determinant of well-being among older Chinese immigrants. However, past studies have largely examined the influence of filial piety discrepancy on psychological well-being, while the relationship between filial piety discrepancy and other domains of well-being has not been examined. Further, little is known about the potential moderating role of other key sociocultural factors in the relationship between filial piety discrepancy and well-being among older Chinese immigrants. Thus, the purpose of this dissertation was to examine the association between filial piety discrepancy and three domains of well-being, and to determine the moderating role of acculturation, living arrangement and ethnic group density in the aforementioned relationship among older Chinese Canadian immigrants. In the first manuscript, the Perceived Receipt of Filial Piety Scale (PRFPS) was found to be a reliable and valid to measure perceived filial piety receipt among middle-aged and older Chinese parents, which was used in the subsequent manuscripts to measure filial piety receipt. In the second manuscript, greater filial piety discrepancy was associated with poorer psychological, social, and physical well-being. Further, lower acculturation level was found to exacerbate the negative association of filial piety discrepancy on psychological well-being. Living arrangement did not moderate the association between filial piety discrepancy and wellbeing across all three domains. Finally, the third manuscript revealed that the negative relationship between filial piety discrepancy and social well-being was largest among for older Chinese immigrants residing in cities with small and medium sized Chinese communities. Qualitative findings did not reveal substantial ethnic group density differences in the practice and experience of filial piety discrepancy, living arrangement, acculturation, or their impact on wellbeing; however, differences in the availability of local community-based services were found. Taken together, these results suggest that the deleterious effect of filial piety discrepancy extends beyond psychological well-being, influencing social and physical domains of well-being. These findings further highlight the importance of evaluating the synergistic effects between culturally relevant factors that contribute to well-being among older Chinese Canadian immigrants.

History

Language

English

Degree

  • Doctor of Philosophy

Program

  • Psychology

Granting Institution

Ryerson University

LAC Thesis Type

  • Dissertation

Thesis Advisor

Dr. Alex Fiocco

Year

2021

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    Psychology (Theses)

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