Toronto Metropolitan University
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A review of closed-loop supply chain and reverse logistics models

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posted on 2022-05-25, 20:42 authored by Miqdad Nidal Eldali

Closed-loop supply chains (CLSC) have been studied extensively in the literature due to the cost and environmental optimization in operations. CLSC consists of forward and reverse supply chains. This paper reviews the literature of CLSC networks. 223 peer-reviewed articles that have been published in international journals from 1997 to 2020 are gathered and analysed. The aim is to answer the following main questions: (i) What is the problem domain in CLSC? (ii) Which techniques are utilized frequently in CLSC? (iii) What elements, variables, and objectives are the main focus in the field? (iv) What are the gaps in the literature? After reviewing the literature, observations are provided. Finally, the evaluations conclude suggested improvements and potential future directions in the research field.  Keywords: Supply chain management (SCM); Closed-loop supply chain (CLSC); Reverse logistics (RL); Uncertainty; Game theory





  • Master of Engineering


  • Mechanical and Industrial Engineering

Granting Institution

Ryerson University

LAC Thesis Type

  • MRP