Toronto Metropolitan University
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A Prototype Of Propane Refrigerant Based ASHP With Heat Recovery Ventilation (HRV) System

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posted on 2021-05-22, 10:17 authored by Ali Karevan
In recent years, an increased focus has been given to replacing high Global Warming Potential (GWP) refrigerants with relatively low GWP alternatives. Energy efficiency, carbon reduction and HFC phase-down will push the heat pump market towards natural refrigerants. Propane (R-290) is a type of hydrocarbon refrigerant with zero ozone depletion potential and very low GWP (< 4). R-290 is a pure refrigerant and has excellent thermodynamic properties. The research presented in this project is a study of the refrigerant side of an ASHP to analyze the thermodynamic performance of the propane refrigerant under different operating conditions. For this purpose, a test rig was designed and constructed in a single packaged air source heat pump unit. In addition, the air side of the tested heat pump was designed for energy recovery in cooling and heating modes. The compactness of the system and installation of air dampers allows its placement for coupling to the building renewable air sources, such as a building integrated photovoltaic/thermal (BIPV/T) system.





  • Master of Building Science


  • Building Science

Granting Institution

Ryerson University

LAC Thesis Type

  • MRP

Thesis Advisor

Zaiyi Liao