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3D Opto-Acoustic Image Reconstruction and Motion Tracking Using Convex Optimization Algorithms

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posted on 2023-09-25, 16:08 authored by Jason Zalev

This work involves developing techniques for improved opto-acoustic imaging (OA), with the goal of enabling enhanced visualization of vascular structures in biological tissue. This has potential application for diagnosis and detection of cancer and other diseases where blood vessels have structural and functional differences from healthy tissue. In OA systems,acoustic waves are generated by absorption of optical energy. Since hemoglobin absorbs more light than other molecules in tissue, images of the tissue’s blood distribution can be reconstructed by processing measured acoustic signals. Moreover, the wavelength-specific optical absorption of oxy- and deoxy-hemoglobin permits OA to image the blood’s oxygen saturation level. However, OA image quality is limited by the ability to localize acoustic sources in tissue, and by the ability to collect sufficient data to accurately reconstruct tissue properties. ToimproveOAimagequality,thisworkinvestigatesusingconvexmathematicaloptimizationto perform image reconstruction from transducer measurements. The proposed technique iteratively solves an inverse problem by fitting the measured data onto simulated OA signals. To accelerate computational performance, mathematical simplifications for 3D simulation and reconstruction are developed. Using multiple acquisitions to provide 3D volumetric information, a method is developedtodeterminetransducermotion from OAdataduring imagereconstruction. In addition, the ability to visualize blood oxygen saturation is characterized for a clinical OA breast imaging device, and image quality is studied using biologically-relevant tissue phantoms. Results demonstrate that reconstruction with mathematical optimization can achieve higher contrast-to-backgroundratio (CBR) andpeak-signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) comparedto approaches involving backprojection. In addition, using a separable model for the system’s response reduces computational complexity by a factor of n in a 3D volume with n3 voxels. This potentially enables faster and more accurate image reconstruction in OA systems.


History

Language

English

Degree

  • Doctor of Philosophy

Program

  • Biomedical Physics

Granting Institution

Ryerson University

LAC Thesis Type

  • Dissertation

Thesis Advisor

Dr. Michael Kolios

Year

2021

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    Biomedical Physics (Theses)

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