Toronto Metropolitan University

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Variations in dietary fats and cholesterol intake modify antioxidant status of SHR and WKY rats

journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-27, 15:36 authored by Yvonne YuanYvonne Yuan, David D. Kitts, David V. Godin

The effects of varying dietary fat saturation [butter (B), beef tallow (BT)] or polyunsaturation [(n-6) soybean oil (SBO), (n-3) menhaden oil (MO)] and cholesterol content (0.05 and 0.5 g/100 g) on systolic blood pressure (SBP), plasma lipids and tissue antioxidant status were investigated in 14-wk-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. Varying dietary fat composition for 9 wk had no influence on SBP in either SHR or WKY rats. Rats fed MO diets exhibited smaller (P < 0.05) body weight gains, lower (P < 0.05) feed efficiency ratios and lower (P < 0.05) plasma cholesterol concentrations than those fed the B, BT and SBO diets. Significant (P < 0.05) interactions for animal strain x cholesterol intake and animal strain x fat source were noted for serum cholesterol concentrations. SHR exhibited higher (P < 0.05) RBC and liver catalase (CAT), and heart and liver superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities similar to those of WKY rats. The lower (P <0.01) RBC, heart and liver glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities observed in SHR coincided with higher (P <0.01) glutathione reductase (GSSG-Red), compared with WKY rats. Dietary cholesterol intake had no effect on RBC, heart and liver total sulfhydryl concentration or GSH-Px activities, but increased (P <0. 001) liver GSSG-Red. Feeding MO resulted in lower (P <0.001) RBC and heart GSH-Px activities. In contrast, feeding B and BT resulted in lower GSH-Px in liver. The significant (P < 0.01) animal strain x fat source interaction obtained for liver GSH-Px activity indicated that SHR responded differently to polyunsaturated fatty acid feeding than their WKY counterparts. Diet-induced changes in tissue antioxidant status were tissue specific and did not affect the development of hypertension in SHR.




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