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Underground Energy Storage Utilizing Concrete Building Foundation: Experimental and Numerical Approach

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-05-22, 13:52 authored by Magdy M. Mousa, Ayman M. Bayomy, Julie Wang, Seth B. Dworkin, M. Z. Saghir
Space heating and cooling represents 63% of total building energy demand. In the present study, the concept of concrete foundation piles was used as an underground storage medium. This system requires no additional drilling costs or space, unlike conventional boreholes. A lab-scaled experiment facility was designed to experimentally investigate the thermal response of a concrete pile during the charging and discharging processes. The amount of energy stored and released during each process was evaluated. A flow rate parametric study was also conducted to explore the effect of the laminar and turbulent flow behaviour. In order to complement the experimental study, an extensive CFD model was developed and compared with the experimental data. There was good agreement between the numerical and experimental results for each process at different flow rates. The results revealed that increasing the flow rate increases not only the heat rejection and extraction but also the storage efficiency. Keywords: borehole, energy pile, thermal storage, thermal response, ground source heat pump