Toronto Metropolitan University
2020-60942-001.pdf (213.34 kB)

Same-Day Use of Cigarettes, Alcohol, and Cannabis Among Sexual Minority and Heterosexual Young Adult Smokers

Download (213.34 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2022-10-29, 01:11 authored by Nhung Nguyen, Julia McQuoid, Torsten B. Neilands, Sarah DermodySarah Dermody, Louisa M. Holmes, Pamela M Ling, Johannes Thrul

Objective: Sexual minority (SM) young adults have higher rates of substance use than heterosexuals, but little is

known about daily use of multiple substances, which confer numerous health risks for this population. Using daily

diary data from a smartphone-based study, we examined the associations between sexual identity (i.e., SM vs.

heterosexual) and patterns of same-day multiple substance use (i.e., cigarettes and alcohol, cigarettes and cannabis,

alcohol and cannabis, and all 3 substances). Method: Young adult smokers (N  147, aged 18–26, 51.7% female,

41.5% SM, 40.8% White) reported consecutive daily assessments on substance use over 30 days. We used

generalized estimating equations to examine associations between sexual identity and patterns of same-day multiple

substance use, controlling for demographic factors and psychological distress. Results: Of 2,891 daily assessments,

16.7% reported same-day use of cigarettes and alcohol, 18.1% cigarettes and cannabis, 1.5% alcohol and cannabis,

and 15.0% use of all 3 substances. SM participants (vs. heterosexuals) had significantly greater odds of reporting

days with use of cigarettes and cannabis [Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR)  2.05, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) [1.04,

4.01]] and use of all three substances (AOR  2.79, 95% CI [1.51, 5.14]) than days with single substance use or

no use. Conclusions: These findings warrant tailored interventions addressing multiple substance use among SM

young adults and temporally accurate measures of multiple substance use patterns.




Usage metrics




    Ref. manager