Toronto Metropolitan University
fonc-13-1258970.pdf (4.75 MB)

Predicting Head & Neck Cancer Treatment Outcomes with Quantitative Ultrasound Texture Features & Optimizing Machine Learning Classifiers with Novel Texture-of-Texture Features

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-05-06, 21:12 authored by Aryan Safakish, Lakshmanan Sannachi, Daniel DiCenzo, Christopher Kolios, Ana Pejović-MilićAna Pejović-Milić, Gregory J. Czarnota

Aim: Cancer treatments with radiation present a challenging physical toll for patients, which can be justified by the potential reduction in cancerous tissue with treatment. However, there remain patients for whom treatments do not yield desired outcomes. Radiomics involves using biomedical images to determine imaging features which, when used in tandem with retrospective treatment outcomes, can train machine learning (ML) classifiers to create predictive models. In this study we investigated whether pre-treatment imaging features from index lymph node (LN) quantitative ultrasound (QUS) scans parametric maps of head & neck (H&N) cancer patients can provide predictive information about treatment outcomes.

Methods: 72 H&N cancer patients with bulky metastatic LN involvement were recruited for study. Involved bulky neck nodes were scanned with ultrasound prior to the start of treatment for each patient. QUS parametric maps and related radiomics texture-based features were determined and used to train two ML classifiers (support vector machines (SVM) and k-nearest neighbour (k-NN)) for predictive modeling using retrospectively labelled binary treatment outcomes, as determined clinically 3-months after completion of treatment. Additionally, novel higher-order texture-of-texture (TOT) features were incorporated and evaluated in regards to improved predictive model performance.

Results: It was found that a 7-feature multivariable model of QUS texture features using a support vector machine (SVM) classifier demonstrated 81% sensitivity, 76% specificity, 79% accuracy, 86% precision and an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.82 in separating responding from non-responding patients. All performance metrics improved after implementation of TOT features to 85% sensitivity, 80% specificity, 83% accuracy, 89% precision and AUC of 0.85. Similar trends were found with k-NN classifier.

Conclusion: Binary H&N cancer treatment outcomes can be predicted with QUS texture features acquired from index LNs. Prediction efficacy improved by implementing TOT features following methodology outlined in this work.




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