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GFRP Bars Anchorage Resistance in a GFRP-Reinforced Concrete Bridge Barrier

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-08-24, 21:36 authored by Michael Rostami, Khaled SennahKhaled Sennah, Saman Hedjazi

In the present paper, experimental and numerical investigations were conducted on concrete bridge barriers utilizing glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars with a hook at their ends. Implementation of these hooked bars instead of the bent bars or headed-end bars in the bridge barriers presented in the Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code (CHBDC) was investigated on American Association for State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) test level 5 (TL-5) concrete bridge barriers. This research aimed to reach a cost effective and safe anchorage method for GFRP bars at the barrier–deck junction, compared to the conventional bend bars or headed-end bars. Therefore, an experimental program was developed and performed to qualify the use of the recently-developed, small radius hooked bars at the barrier–deck junction. The experimental findings were compared with the design factored applied transverse load specified in CHBDC for the design of the barrier–deck junction as well as factored applied bending moment obtained at the barrier–deck junction using a recently-conducted finite-element modeling. Satisfactory behavior for the developed hooked GFRP bars as well as their anchorage resistance was established and a reasonable factor of safety in design of barrier–deck joint was achieved.

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