Toronto Metropolitan University
Shandley_2020_Mater._Res._Express_7_026515.pdf (2.96 MB)

Foaming of friction stir processed Al/MgCO3 precursor via flame heating

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-08-02, 14:45 authored by Rohit Shandley, Sachin Maheshwari, Arshad Noor Siddiquee, Sohail M. A. Khan Mohammed, Daolun ChenDaolun Chen

In the recent years, metal foams have become promising candidate materials in the engineering sector owing to their light weight and excellent energy absorption properties. Friction stir processing (FSP) has emerged as a cost-effective route to fabricate metal foam precursors from bulk substrates. Although the short processing time in FSP is able to provide high productivity, the cost of the foaming agent, TiH2 in the case of aluminum foams is still high. This paper introduces flame heating to achieve localized foaming of aluminum alloy AA5754 to explore the possibility of using magnesium carbonate as a foaming agent stirred using multi-pass FSP. A specially designed slot based strategy using two plates arranged in lap configuration is devised to stir the foaming agent and understand the material movement after each subsequent pass. Microscopy techniques were carried out to evaluate the distribution of the foaming agent after each pass and the resulting microstructure of the processed plates as well as the morphology of the foamed sample. EDX results showed higher Mg and O content around the pore walls.