Toronto Metropolitan University
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An Improved Spatiotemporal Fusion Approach Based on Multiple Endmember Spectral Mixture Analysis

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-11-04, 20:01 authored by Wenjie Liu, Yongnian Zeng, Songnian LiSongnian Li, Xinyu Pi, Wei Huang

High spatial and temporal resolution remotely sensed data is of great significance for the extraction of land use/cover information and the quantitative inversion of biophysical parameters. However, due to the limitation of sensor performance and the influence of rain cloud weather, it is difficult to obtain remote sensing images with both high spatial and temporal resolution. The spatiotemporal fusion model is a crucial method to solve this problem. The spatial and temporal adaptive reflectivity fusion model (STARFM) and its improved models are the most widely used spatiotemporal adaptive fusion models. However, the existing spatiotemporal adaptive reflectivity fusion model and its improved models have great uncertainty in selecting neighboring similar pixels, especially in spatially heterogeneous areas. Therefore, it is difficult to effectively search and determine neighboring spectrally similar pixels in STARFM-like models, resulting in a decrease of imagery fusion accuracy. In this research, we modify the procedure of neighboring similar pixel selection of ESTARFM method and propose an improved ESTARFM method (I-ESTARFM). Based on the land cover endmember types and its fraction values obtained by spectral mixing analysis, the neighboring similar pixels can be effectively selected. The experimental results indicate that the I-ESTARFM method selects neighboring spectrally similar pixels more accurately than STARFM and ESTARFM models. Compared with the STARFM and ESTARFM, the correlation coefficients of the image fused by the I-ESTARFM with that of the actual image are increased and the mean square error is decreased, especially in spatially heterogeneous areas. The uncertainty of spectral similar neighborhood pixel selection is reduced and the precision of spatial-temporal fusion is improved.  




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